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U.S. Trade Deficit Narrows

FILE: Shipping containers unloaded at Port Newark, New Jersey. Taken November 19, 2021
FILE: Shipping containers unloaded at Port Newark, New Jersey. Taken November 19, 2021

The US trade deficit narrowed more than anticipated in November on a fall in imports, government figures showed on Thursday, with drops seen in pharmaceuticals and household goods.

The overall trade deficit dropped $16.3 billion to $61.5 billion in November, according to Commerce Department data.

This was the narrowest deficit since September 2020, and a smaller number than analysts expected.

The figure comes as households shift more spending to services instead of goods, with consumers squeezed by stubborn inflation.

Imports fell 6.4 percent to $313.4 billion -- with drops seen in pharmaceutical preparations, auto vehicles and parts, along with cell phones and other household items.

Exports slipped two percent to $251.9 billion, data showed, with a slide seen in industrial supplies and materials such as natural gas.

Exports have weakened in recent months as economies worldwide struggle with inflation and higher interest rates, and a stronger US dollar has also made American goods more expensive for foreign consumers.

The US deficit with China narrowed further to $20.4 billion in November as well on a drop in imports, while year-to-date imports from the European Union exceeded those from China, data showed.

"Looking ahead, trade flows are likely to slow as global and domestic demand weakens in response to tighter monetary policy," said chief US economist Rubeela Farooqi of High Frequency Economics.

"However, US exports could see support from a reopening in China eventually, as the economy moves past the current period of disruption from the virus," she added.