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Russia Possibly Exiting Across From Kherson

FILE: In this photo by the Ukrainian Presidential Press Office, Ukrainian soldiers take a selfie with President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, center, during his visit to Kherson, Ukraine, Monday, Nov. 14, 2022.

Images on Tuesday appeared to show Russian troops had quit a town in Ukraine across the Dnipro River from Kherson, the city they surrendered last week, suggesting one of the war's biggest retreats may not have ended at the water's edge.

President Volodymyr Zelenskiy told world leaders at the G20 Summit in Indonesia there would be no let-up in Ukraine's military campaign to drive Russian troops out of his country, following victory last week in the only regional capital Russia had captured since its invasion.

"I am convinced now is the time when the Russian destructive war must and can be stopped," he said.

"We will not allow Russia to wait it out, build up its forces, and then start a new series of terror and global destabilization," he added.

Russia had said it was pulling its forces across the wide Dnipro River to more easily defended positions on the opposite bank. But in video filmed in the town of Oleshky, across a collapsed bridge over the Dnipro from Kherson, there was no sign of any Russian presence.

Ukraine's military said overnight that it had fired at enemy positions in Oleshky, but Ukrainian officials have not commented on images appearing to show Russian troops had withdrawn there.

The war is a central focus of the G20 Summit, at which Western leaders denounced Moscow. Russia is a member and Ukraine is not, but Russian President Vladimir Putin stayed home.

In his speech to the world leaders on the Indonesian island of Bali, Zelenskyy described a peace proposal under which Russia would withdraw all its forces from Ukraine, free all prisoners and reaffirm Ukraine's territorial integrity.

He said he would indefinitely extend a programme to safeguard Ukrainian grain exports, and expand it to the port of Mykolaiv, beyond reach of Russian guns after the Kherson advance.

"Please choose your path for leadership - and together we will surely implement the peace formula," he said.

The United States expects the G20 to condemn Russia's war in Ukraine and its impact on the global economy, a senior U.S. official said. Russia's membership makes consensus on Ukraine unlikely, and the official declined to say what form the condemnation would take.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, heading Russia's delegation in Putin's absence, accused the West of trying to politicize a declaration from the summit by including language condemning Russia's actions in a draft.

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DRC Clashes Continue Before Truce

FILE: M23 rebel fighters sit on a truck as they withdraw near the town of Sake, 42 km (26 miles) west of Goma in eastern DRC. Taken November 30, 2012

M23 rebels were still fighting and advancing in east of the Democratic Republic of Congo on Friday, civilian and military sources said, barely hours before a ceasefire was to come into force.

Clashes were under way between the M23 and a Hutu militia in Bambo, 70 kilometer north of the provincial capital Goma, local sources told AFP by telephone.

"Heavy weapons fire can be heard, people are in a panic," a civil society representative said.

A security source confirmed the firing between the M23 and combatants from the Democratic Forces for the Liberation Rwanda (FDLR), a Hutu faction present in the DRC since the Tutsi genocide in 1994.

During the morning, fighting was also reported near Bwiza, close to the former stronghold of ex-Tutsi rebel leader Laurent Nkunda, who operated there in the noughties.

DRC's President Felix Tshisekedi and Rwandan Foreign Minister Vincent Biruta attended a mini-summit in the Angola on Wednesday, which concluded with a deal on the cessation of hostilities in eastern DRC from Friday evening.

M23 rebels were then to withdraw from "occupied zones".

But the rebels, a largely DRC Tutsi militia, said Thursday the ceasefire "doesn't really concern us", and called for "direct dialogue" with DRC's government.

The rebels have recently seized swaths of territory north of Goma, a city of one million which they briefly captured 10 years ago.

Kinshasa has refused to engage with the M23, which it calls a "terrorist movement", as long as it occupies territory in the DRC.

The M23 is among scores of armed groups that have turned eastern DRC into one of Africa's most violent regions.

Many are legacies of two wars before the turn of the century that sucked in countries from the region and left millions dead.

Mali Junta Slams Rights Report

FILE: Malian soldiers are cheered by the population as they enter a military camp in Kati, Mali. Taken July 22, 2022.

Mali's junta has hit back at a new report accusing the army and Russian paramilitaries as well as rebels of "grave crimes" against civilians, saying it "totally rejects" the charges.

"These allegations are mostly tendentious, unconnected and deliberate, with the aim of tarnishing the image of the Malian defence and security force," the junta-controlled government said in a document published late Thursday.

"Facts are presented on the basis of... witness accounts backed by no real evidence and often made under the threat of terrorist groups."

The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) published the report on Thursday listing an unprecedented increase this year in the number of attacks on civilians in central Mali.

"Community self-defense groups, jihadists insurgents... the Malian armed forces and their international partners in the Russian paramilitary group Wagner continue to commit grave crimes, fueling the cycle of violence," the report said.

"Attacks, summary executions, sexual violence: in central Mali the civilian population is in a living hell," it said.

The report also highlights "the impunity of those responsible" and "slowness of judicial proceedings."

The junta-issued document said the army operated "with strict respect for human rights and international humanitarian law" and any alleged violations were always followed by "diligent treatment" and investigations.

The use of Wagner's services was explained by stating the mercenaries' presence involves "Russian trainers and advisers" who have been in Bamako since 1960, according to the document, when "certain instructors" helped build the national army.

The Wagner Group has been widely condemned for actions in a number of African and other nations where crimes against humanity have been committed.

The government said it "totally rejects" the FIDH charges of persecution against the Peul community, which is often accused of supplying men for jihadist groups.

Bamako claimed the FIDH had ignored the "remarkable progress" the government has achieved against the jihadists, as well as efforts to stop impunity for crimes with changes underway in penal and military law, and a plan to set up a special court to handle gender crime.

The Malian Association for Human Rights (AMDH), which is a member of FIDH and worked with it on a report in 2018, issued a statement saying it "dissociates itself" with the latest report because of "serious failings" involving "impartiality, objectivity and loyalty".

Mali has since 2012 seen thousands killed and hundreds of thousands flee their homes, in an insurgency that has spread to neighboring Niger and Burkina Faso.

Nigerian Cops Murdered, Executive Taken

FILE: FILE - In this file photo taken on Thursday, Aug. 8, 2013, Nigerian security forces stand guards during Eid al-Fitr celebration in Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Gunmen have killed three police escorts and abducted a local oil executive in southern Nigeria's petroleum-producing Niger delta, police said Friday, in the latest violence to hit the restive region.

"Three policemen escorting the oil executive were killed while the man was abducted and taken to an unknown destination," state police spokeswoman Grace Iringe-Koko told AFP.

Dressed in military uniform, the gunmen ambushed and opened fire on the convoy of two vehicles transporting the policemen and the senior oil executive on Thursday in the Rumuokoro area of Port Harcourt, the capital of Rivers State.

The attackers posing as a military patrol in a green minivan called for the convoy to stop before opening fire, she said.

Police said the kidnapped victim was a director of Port Harcourt-based oil and gas service and maintenance company IGPES Group.

The company did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Investigations are under way and police are searching for the attackers, Iringe-Koko said.

Police could not immediately disclose a motive for the attack and no group has claimed responsibility.

Kidnapping for ransom is a huge security problem in Nigeria, targeting both wealthy businesspeople as well as poor farmers who are often snatched in mass abductions in the north.

The Niger delta is home to Nigeria's multi-billion-dollar oil and gas resources, but residents of the region live in poverty due to decades of oil exploration, neglect and pollution.

A 2009 government-backed amnesty programme for the oil rebels has helped reduce attacks but sporadic incidents including large-scale oil theft persist in the region.

Nigeria, a member of OPEC and one of Africa's largest crude producers, is estimated to be losing as much as $2 billion to oil theft and pipeline sabotage in the region every year.

Mass Kidnapping Hits Nigeria

FILE - Security forces are seen on patrol in Nigeria's Zamfara state, March 3, 2021

Nigerian gunmen kidnapped at least 60 people in a remote community in northwestern Zamfara state who were mostly women observing Prophet Muhammad's birthday, residents said on Thursday in the latest wave of abductions to hit the state.

Two residents said gunmen on motorbikes arrived in the Magami Tandu community of the Kaura Namoda local government area on Wednesday evening and shot sporadically.

They took mostly women who were observing Mawlid - a celebration of Prophet Muhammad's birthday, which is held between the end of September to the end of November in Nigeria's mainly northern Muslim states, the residents said

"On a daily basis there is killing or abduction, which is leaving us homeless. Please (tell) the government to act and bring justice to us," said Abdulkarim Haruna, whose wife was kidnapped.

The residents said 19 people were killed on Tuesday when gunmen attacked Ryuji community in Zamfara's Zurmi local government area, which is adjacent to Kaura Namoda.

Zamfara police spokesperson Mohammed Shehu could not be reached for comment.

Armed gangs are rife across the country's northwest where they rob or kidnap for ransom, and violence has been increasing as thinly stretched security forces often fail to stop attacks.

That has raised concern about whether residents in the region will be able to vote in the February presidential poll to choose a successor to President Muhammadu Buhari, who is constitutionally barred from running again.

New Somali - al-Shabab Clash

FILE: Security forces and others walk in front of the damaged Hayat Hotel in the capital Mogadishu, Somalia, Aug. 21, 2022.

Militants from Somalia's al Shabaab attacked a military base in the central Galgaduud region on Friday, the group and a local government minister said, prompting violent clashes as the army and allied clans sought to repel them.

The early morning attack in the village of Qayib, which included suicide car bombs, comes as government forces have made a number of battlefield gains against al Shabab in the last three months, regaining territory with the help of clan militias.

"We had information that al Shabaab was attacking us, so last night we were all vigilant waiting for them. We hit their cars that had been loaded with bombs with rocket propelled grenades, foiling them before they entered the base," Ismail Abdulle, one of the clan fighters told Reuters from Qayib.

The information minister in Galgaduud, Ahmed Shire Falagle, said government forces had foiled the attack and was in control of Qayib.

However, Al Shabaab's military operations spokesman, Abdiasis Abu Musab, disputed that account. He said the fighters had taken Qayib, killed soldiers and stolen military vehicles. He also acknowledged al Shabaab's own forces had suffered casualties in the attack.

Both sides often give conflicting accounts of battles. Somalia's local information minister said he would provide an update on casualties later.

Somali state television, citing a ministry of information statement, also reported on Friday that 15 al Shabaab fighters had been killed in an air raid at Bulo Madino in the Lower Shabelle region.

The group has killed tens of thousands since 2006 in its fight to overthrow Somalia's Western-backed central government and implement its strict interpretation of Islamic law.

At least 120 people died in twin car bombs bombs at the education ministry in the capital Mogadishu on Oct. 29, the deadliest blasts in five years.

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