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DRC, Rwanda Agree to De-escalate Tensions

FILE- In this Aug. 5, 2012 file photo, an M23 rebel walks the streets of the North Kivu town of Rubare near Rutshuru, 75 km (48 miles) north of Goma, Congo.

The Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda have agreed to reduce hostilities following one-day meetings between their presidents mediated by Angola.

Congo’s presidency announced Wednesday that Rwanda and Congo have agreed to defuse tensions after weeks of trading claims of insurgent support.

The two countries will revive a Congo-Rwanda commission which will resume activities on July 12 in the Angolan capital, Luanda, according to the statement. It also called for a return to normal diplomatic relations between Kinshasa and Kigali, a cessation of hostilities and the “immediate and unconditional withdrawal” of the M23 rebel group from its positions in eastern Congo.

Rwanda and Congo had exchanged angry statements stemming from allegations that Rwanda backs M23, which is made up of mostly Tutsi fighters from Congo. The M23 last month seized a Congolese town near the Ugandan border.

Rwanda in turn accuses Congo of supporting a group of rebels with members who allegedly took part in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.

Both countries deny the allegations.

The African Union earlier this year asked Angola to mediate between Congo and Rwanda under the auspices of a regional body known as the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region.

About 170,000 people have been displaced in the weeks since M23 resurfaced in eastern Congo. Wednesday's summit called for the return of all refugees to their countries of origin, according to the statement from the Congolese presidency.