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Analysts: US Expected to Hold Rates

FILE: The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank Building, home to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, is seen in Washington, Friday, April 25, 2014. Often referred to as "The Fed," it is the nation's central banking system and sets monetary policy for the United States.

WASHINGTON — Analysts and traders broadly expect the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to vote to hold rates where they are, while leaving the door open to another rate hike in July if needed.

The Federal Reserve will announce Wednesday if it will press ahead with an 11th straight interest rate hike to tackle high inflation, or, skip an increase to give policymakers more time to take stock of the U.S. economy.

"The Fed leadership has signaled that it sees pausing as the prudent course because uncertainty about both the lagged effects of the rate hikes it has already delivered and the impact of tighter bank credit increases the risk of accidentally overtightening," Goldman Sachs economists wrote in a recent note to clients.

Although inflation remains above the Fed's long-term target of two percent, it has moderated in recent months, leading some FOMC members to call for a pause on Wednesday.

"Skipping a rate hike at a coming meeting would allow the Committee to see more data before making decisions about the extent of additional policy firming," Fed governor Philip Jefferson said late last month.

The Fed has lifted its benchmark lending rate by five percentage points since it began raising rates to fight inflation in March 2022.

Since then, inflation appears to have peaked, while the economy has shown signs of slowing - although the labor market has remained surprisingly resilient.

The United States is also facing tighter bank lending conditions in the aftermath of a string of regional bank collapses earlier this year.

Despite the signs of a slowing US economy, some FOMC members say the Fed must do more to bring inflation firmly back down to two percent.

"We should not be fooled by a few months of positive data," Minneapolis Fed president Neel Kashkari said last month.

"We still are well in excess of our two percent inflation target, and we need to finish the job," he added.

Although most analysts now expect the Fed to pause its interest-rate hikes, there are some notable outliers still predicting a 25-basis point hike.

Data published Tuesday showed the consumer price index (CPI) measure of inflation slowed to an annual rate of 4.0 percent last month, its lowest level in almost two years.

Core CPI, excluding volatile food and energy prices, remained elevated at 5.3 percent.

The Fed's favored measure of inflation also remains above its two percent target, although it too has shown signs of slowing in recent months.

Alongside its interest rate announcement Wednesday, the Fed will also release updated economic forecasts.

Many analysts expect the Fed to pencil in a further interest rate hike this year, which would indicate that it still takes its mandate to tackle inflation seriously.

"We expect the Fed to retain upward bias in its projected policy rate path and we look for the median FOMC member to forecast one additional 25bp rate hike by year-end," Bank of America economists wrote in a recent note to clients.