Zambia reached an agreement in principle with creditors, which include China and Western nations, on $6.3 billion of its debt in June but it has yet to be signed.
The managing director of the International Monetary Fund, Kristalina Georgieva, announced at the IMF-World Bank annual meetings in Marrakesh, Morocco, on Wednesday that a memorandum of understanding between Zambia and its lenders "has finally been signed".
But an IMF spokesperson later said the agreement was "nearly finalized" and "the signing is expected soon".
"A round of applause for Zambia," Georgieva said after making the mistaken announcement at a panel discussion on tackling debt around the world that also featured Zambian Finance Minister Situmbeko Musokotwane.
"The creditors have been wonderful," Musokotwane said, thanking a committee of lenders led by China, France and South Africa.
"But that by itself is not enough to provide the kind of life that these young people in Africa want to live," he said.
"What will deliver that? Higher economic growth to create jobs so that we no longer have youth crossing the Sahara, over the Mediterranean."
Zambia, whose total debt amounted to $32.8 billion at the end of 2022, defaulted on $18.6 billion in foreign debt in 2020 — becoming the first African nation to default on foreign debts at the height of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Concerns over debt in low-income nations has been at the forefront of talks of the IMF-World Bank meetings in Marrakesh, the first to be held in Africa since 1973.
"Let me tell you that it is embarrassing to find yourself in debt distress," Musokotwane said.
Central banks worldwide have raised interest rates in efforts to tame inflation, which rose after Covid-19 restrictions were lifted and jumped higher after Russia invaded Ukraine. Higher interest rates make it harder for governments to repay loans, adding to their debt burden.