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"Fund Developing Nations on Climate" - COP27

FILE - People stand next to the carcasses of dead sheep in the village of Hargududo, 80 kilometers from the city of Gode, Ethiopia, April 07, 2022.

As the host of the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27) next month, Egypt aims to push developed economies to meet promises on climate aid for smaller nations.

In the wake of yet another year of record-breaking temperatures and extreme weather disasters, developed countries are being pushed to deliver their promised 100 billion dollars a year to help developing countries deal with climate change.

Egyptian Minister Rania Al-Mashat, president of the United Nations Climate Change Conference, or COP27, says this year’s conference will push world leaders on issues key to Africa in reflection of the continent hosting the meeting.

"For the first time," she said, "there's a roundtable on water security. There's also a roundtable on adaptation of agriculture and so forth. So again, trying to push in some of the topics, which really affect the emerging economies."

The fourth agenda point for COP27 is increasing ambition – in other words, expanding on existing commitments on climate.

Al-Mashat says it’s expected that at Sharm el-Sheikh, countries will make new pledges to reduce their emissions and work to constrain rising global temperatures.

The Egyptian official said that in previous climate conferences, the United States and European Union pushed back against requests for additional financing to cover loss and damage. S

She says this year, Egypt is prepared to demand the establishment of a financing facility, with the expectation of major world nations' support.

"One of our key messages for COP is to go from pledges to implementation